There are many types of roof, but most of them are combinations of the following four types:

Types of Roof Shed roof – a one-sided sloping roof.


Types of Roof Gable roof – roof consisting of two intersecting sides defining a ridge.


Types of Roof Hip roof – roof consisting of four intersecting sides defining a ridge and four hips.


Types of Roof Pyramid hip roof – roof consisting of four intersecting sides defining four hips converging at a single point.


The following image shows the position of the main elements of any roof and their usual denomination:

Roof Terminology 1 – Field of roof or slope
2 – Gable
3 – Ridge
4 – Hip
5 – Valley
6 – Eave edge
7 – Eaves
8 – Gutter


The following image shows the main components of the support structure:

Roof Terminology 1 – Triangular roof truss
2 – Binding joist
3 – Rods
4 – Lining
5 – Counter-lath
6 – Lath
7 – Eaves beam
8 – Roof beam